Bhaktapur is situated at an altitude of 1,401m. It covers an area of four square miles. Bhaktapur of the city of Devotees still retains a medieval charm and visitors to this ancient town are treated to myriad wonders of cultural and artistic achievements. The past glory of the Malla rulers continues to be reflected at the Durbar Square. Pottery and weaving are its traditional industries. The city of Bhaktapur is famous for woodcarving and the Bhadgaolen topi or cap. The city lies about 14 km east of Kathmandu and can be reached by public transport and by private vehicle.
Tourist Attractive Places of Bhaktapur
Bhaktapur Durbar Square: The Bhaktapur Durbar Square is one of the well-preserved monumental zones in Kathmandu Valley. The main entrance gate is called (The Golden Gate) which is the entrance to the main courtyard of the place of55 windows. Built by King Ranjit Malla, the gate is one of the most beautiful and richly carved specimens of its kind in the entire world. This gate is embellished with deities and monsters with marvelous intricacy. The place of 55 windows was built in 1700 AD. Among the brick walls in their gracious setting and sculptural design, is a balcony of 55 windows.
This balcony is a masterpiece of wood carving. The stone temple of Batsala Devi which is also located in Durbar Square is full of intricate carvings. This temple also sets a beautiful example of Shikhara-style architecture in Nepal. There is a bronze bell on the terrace of the temple which is also known as the "Bell of Barking Dogs".This colossal bell, placed in 1737 AD, was rung to signal curfew during those days.
The main square of the city contains innumerable temples and other architecture like the Lion Gate, the statue of King Bhupatindra Mall, the Picture Gallery, the Batsala temple, etc. A magnificent statue of King Bhupatindra Malla in the act of worship is placed on a column facing the palace. It was listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Monument list in 1979.
The National Art Gallery: Contains ancient and medieval paintings belonging to Hindu and Buddhist schools depicting Tantrism of various periods and descriptions.
Nyatapole Temple: This five-story pagoda was built in 1702 AD by King Bhupatindra Malla. It stands on a five-terraced platform. One each of the terraces squat a pair of figures. This is one of the tallest pagodas and is famous for its massive structure and subtle workmanship.
Bhairavnath Temple: This temple was first built as a one-story pagoda but was later changed into a three-story temple in 1718 AD by King Bhupaindra Malla. The temple is noted for its artistic grandeur. It is dedicated to Lord Bhairav - the God of terror.